Prague Declaration

Prague Declaration on European Conscience and Communism

June 3rd, 2008, Prague, Senate of the Parliament of the Czech Republic

Bearing in mind the dignified and democratic future of our European home,

  • whereas societies that neglect the past have no future,
  • whereas Europe will not be united unless it is able to reunite its history, recognize Communism and Nazism as a common legacy and bring about an honest and thorough debate on all the totalitarian crimes of the past century,
  • whereas the Communist ideology is directly responsible for crimes against humanity,
  • whereas a bad conscience stemming from the Communist past is a heavy burden for the future of Europe and for our children,
  • whereas different valuations of the Communist past may still split Europe into “West” and “East”,
  • whereas European integration was a direct response to wars and violence provoked by totalitarian systems on the continent,
  • whereas consciousness of the crimes against humanity committed by the Communist regimes throughout the continent must inform all European minds to the same extent as the Nazi regimes crimes did,
  • whereas there are substantial similarities between Nazism and Communism in terms of their horrific and appalling character and their crimes against humanity,
  • whereas the crimes of Communism still need to be assessed and judged from the legal, moral and political as well as the historical point of view,
  • whereas the crimes were justified in the name of the class struggle theory and the principle of dictatorship of the “proletariat” using terror as a method to preserve the dictatorship,
  • whereas Communist ideology has been used as a tool in the hands of empire builders in Europe and in Asia to reach their expansionist goals,
  • whereas many of the perpetrators committing crimes in the name of Communism have not yet been brought to justice and their victims have not yet been compensated,
  • whereas providing objective comprehensive information about the Communist totalitarian past leading to a deeper understanding and discussion is a necessary condition for sound future integration of all European nations,
  • whereas the ultimate reconciliation of all European peoples is not possible without a concentrated and in depth effort to establish the truth and to restore the memory,
  • whereas the Communist past of Europe must be dealt with thoroughly both in the academy and among the general public, and future generations should have ready access to information on Communism,
  • whereas in different parts of the globe only a few totalitarian Communist regimes survive but, nevertheless, they control about one fifth of the world’s population, and by still clinging to power they commit crimes and impose a high cost to the well-being of their people,
  • whereas in many countries, even though Communist parties are not in power, they have not distanced themselves publicly from the crimes of Communist regimes nor condemned them,
  • whereas Prague is one of the places that lived through the rule of both Nazism and Communism,

believing that millions of victims of Communism and their families are entitled to enjoy justice, sympathy, understanding and recognition for their sufferings in the same way as the victims of Nazism have been morally and politically recognized,

we, participants of the Prague Conference “European Conscience and Communism”,

  • having regard to the European Parliament resolution on the sixtieth anniversary of the end of the Second World War in Europe on 8 May 1945 of May 12th, 2005,
  • having regard to Resolution 1481 of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe of January 26th, 2006,
  • having regard to the resolutions on Communist crimes adopted by a number of national parliaments,
  • having regard to the experience of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission in South Africa,
  • having regard to the experience of Institutes of Memory and memorials in Poland, Germany, Slovakia, the Czech Republic, the United States, the Institute for the Investigation of Communist Crimes in Romania, the museums of occupation in Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia as well as the House of Terror in Hungary,
  • having regard to present and upcoming presidencies in the EU and the Council of Europe
  • having regard to the fact that 2009 is the 20th anniversary of the collapse of Communism in Eastern and Central Europe as well as the mass killings in Romania and the massacre in Tiananmen Square in Beijing,

call for:

  1. reaching an all-European understanding that both the Nazi and Communist totalitarian regimes each to be judged by their own terrible merits to be destructive in their policies of systematically applying extreme forms of terror, suppressing all civic and human liberties, starting aggressive wars and, as an inseparable part of their ideologies, exterminating and deporting whole nations and groups of population; and that as such they should be considered to be the main disasters, which blighted the 20th century,
  2. recognition that many crimes committed in the name of Communism should be assessed as crimes against humanity serving as a warning for future generations, in the same way Nazi crimes were assessed by the Nuremberg Tribunal,
  3. formulation of a common approach regarding crimes of totalitarian regimes, inter alia Communist regimes, and raising a Europe-wide awareness of the Communist crimes in order to clearly define a common attitude towards the crimes of the Communist regimes,
  4. introduction of legislation that would enable courts of law to judge and sentence perpetrators of Communist crimes and to compensate victims of Communism,
  5. ensuring the principle of equal treatment and non-discrimination of victims of all the totalitarian regimes,
  6. European and international pressure for effective condemnation of the past Communist crimes and for efficient fight against ongoing Communist crimes,
  7. recognition of Communism as an integral and horrific part of Europe’s common history
  8. acceptance of pan-European responsibility for crimes committed by Communism,
  9. establishment of 23rd August, the day of signing of the Hitler-Stalin Pact, known as the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact, as a day of remembrance of the victims of both Nazi and Communist totalitarian regimes, in the same way Europe remembers the victims of the Holocaust on January 27th,
  10. responsible attitudes of National Parliaments as regards acknowledgement of Communist crimes as crimes against humanity, leading to the appropriate legislation, and to the parliamentary monitoring of such legislation,
  11. effective public debate about the commercial and political misuse of Communist symbols,
  12. continuation of the European Commission hearings regarding victims of totalitarian regimes, with a view to the compilation of a Commission communication,
  13. establishment in European states, which had been ruled by totalitarian Communist regimes, of committees composed of independent experts with the task of collecting and assessing information on violations of human rights under totalitarian Communist regime at national level with a view to collaborating closely with a Council of Europe committee of experts;
  14. ensuring a clear international legal framework regarding a free and unrestricted access to the Archives containing the information on the crimes of Communism,
  15. establishment of an Institute of European Memory and Conscience which would be both – A) a European research institute for totalitarianism studies, developing scientific and educational projects and providing support to networking of national research institutes specialising in the subject of totalitarian experience, B) and a pan-European museum/memorial of victims of all totalitarian regimes, with an aim to memorialise victims of these regimes and raise awareness of the crimes committed by them,
  16. organising of an international conference on the crimes committed by totalitarian Communist regimes with the participation of representatives of governments, parliamentarians, academics, experts and NGOs, with the results to be largely publicised world-wide,
  17. adjustment and overhaul of European history textbooks so that children could learn and be warned about Communism and its crimes in the same way as they have been taught to assess the Nazi crimes
  18. the all-European extensive and thorough debate of Communist history and legacy,
  19. joint commemoration of next year’s 20th anniversary of the fall of the Berlin Wall, the massacre in Tiananmen Square and the killings in Romania.

We, participants of the Prague Conference “European Conscience and Communism”, address all peoples of Europe, all European political institutions including national governments, parliaments, European Parliament, European Commission, Council of Europe and other relevant international bodies, and call on them to embrace the ideas and appeals stipulated in this Prague Declaration and to implement them in practical steps and policies.


Overall number of signatories: 7833 (as of 2020)


Founding Signatories:

Václav Havel, former dissident and President of Czechoslovakia / the Czech Republic, Czech Republic
Joachim Gauck, former Federal Commissioner for the Stasi archives, Germany
Göran Lindblad, Vice-president of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe, Member of Parliament, Sweden
Vytautas Landsbergis, Member of the European Parliament, former dissident and President of Lithuania, Lithuania
Jana Hybášková, Member of the European Parliament, Czech Republic
Christopher Beazley, Member of the European Parliament, United Kingdom
Tunne Kelam, Member of the European Parliament, former dissident, Estonia
Jiří Liška, Senator, Vice-chairman of the Senate, Parliament of the Czech Republic, Czech Republic
Martin Mejstřík, Senator, Parliament of the Czech Republic, Czech Republic
Jaromír Štětina, Senator, Parliament of the Czech Republic, Czech Republic
Emanuelis Zingeris, Member of Parliament, Lithuania, Chairman, International commission for the assessment of crimes of the Nazi and Soviet occupation regimes in Lithuania, Lithuania
Tseten Samdup Chhoekyapa, Representative of His Holiness the Dalai Lama, Geneva, Tibet, Switzerland
Ivonka Survilla, Exile President of Belorussia, Canada
Zianon Pazniak, Chairman of the People’s National Front of Belorussia, Chairman of the Belorussian Conservative Christian Party, United States
Růžena Krásná, former political prisoner, politician, Czech Republic
Jiří Stránský, former political prisoner, writer, former PEN club chairman, Czech Republic
Václav Vaško, former political prisoner, diplomat, catholic activist, Czech Republic
Alexandr Podrabinek, former dissident and political prisoner, journalist, Russian Federation
Pavel Žáček, Director, Institute for the Study of Totalitarian Regimes, Czech Republic
Miroslav Lehký, Vice-director, Institute for the Study of Totalitarian Regimes, Czech Republic
Łukasz Kamiński, Vice-director, Institue of NaNeela Winkelmann-Heyrovská, Environmentalist, Czech Republic
Ing. Vladimír Klaban, Research Worker, Czech Republic
Rut Kolínská, Woman of Europe 2003 and Socially Beneficial Entrepreneur 2006, Czech Republic
Vladimír Bystrov, Publicist and Former Chairman-founder of the Committee “They were the first”, Czech Republic
Marian Páleník, Director of a Generally Beneficial Company, Czech Republic
Jan Zeno Dus, Pensioner, Czech Republic
Jan Šinágl, Engaged Citizen, Independent Publicist, Czech Republic
Zuzana Hahn, Designer of the Monument and Organizer of the Project Living Tribute to the Victims of Communism, Canada
Vlastimil Obereigner, Czech Society of Oregon, United States
Karel Mrzílek, Teacher, Czech Republic
Mojmír Kovář, Forum of Engaged Christians of the Czech and Slovak Republic, Slovakia
PhDr. Jiří Fiala, Historian, Czech Republic
Petr Hejl, Mayor of City District Praha-Suchdol, Czech Republic
Jiří Vaněk, Society of Well-mannered Compatriots in Sydney, Australia
Jiří Wolf, Writer, Former Political Prisoner, Czech Republic
Bohumil Vorlíček, Editor of the Ústecký deník, Czech Republic
Marie Vorlíčková, Municipal Police Officer, Czech Republic
Eva Vláhová, Pensioner, Chairperson of Civil Movement “Daughters of the 1950s”, Czech Republic
Bedřich Hányš, Author, Film Director, Actor and Theatre Entrepreneur, Exile of the First Wave in 1968, Germany
Zdeněk Slabý, Lawyer, Czech Republic
Jan Sammer, Secretary of the Czech Coordination Office, Canada
Czech Coordination Office, 450 members and 34 Czech Societies in the world, Canada
Ing. Ferdinand Němec, Czech Republic
Ing. Edvard Outrata, Chairperson of European Movement in the Czech Republic, Czech Republic
František Adamík, Czech Republic
Pavel Paleček, Historian, Producer, Czech Republic
Michal Mlej, Sole Trader, Town Councilor, Czech Republic
Hana Gáborová, Regional Chairperson Union of Civil Self-defense in Liberec, Czech Republic
Jana Ryšlinková, Dean, US Business School Prague, Czech Republic
Ing. Zuzana Vittvarová, Editor of www.dcery.cz, Member of Council of the Association “Daughters of the 1950s”, Czech Republic
Josef Pepa Nos, Artist, Czech Republic
Ing. Jiří Štefek, Spokesperson of K213, Czech Republic
Vladimír Brok, Entrepreneur, Czech Republic
Jan Korbelik, Austria
Oldřich Černý, Forum 2000, Czech Republic
Miloš Miltner, Switzerland
Dr. Rudolf Krejci, Professor of Philosophy and Humanities, Former Dean of Arts and Literature, recently Pensioner, United States
Věra Fusek Peters, Daughter of Eduard Fusek, Former Anti-communist Representative, Shakespeare’s Actress in Great Britain and USA, United States
Marek Fiala, Sole Trader, Czech Republic
Jiří Karel, Museum Worker, Czech Republic
Jan Kočí, Czech Republic
Jaroslav Suchánek, překladatel, Czech Republic
Martin Horsky, United States
Václav Marhoul, Czech Republic
Roman Karel, Graphic Artist, Czech Republic
Pavel Kocur, Czech Republic
Otakar Štorch, Poet and Chair of the Association of Free Czechs and Slovaks in Stockholm, Sweden
Ivona Ivicová, Teacher, Czech Republic
Martin Vadas, Documentarist and Director, Czech Republic
Ing. Josef Novotný, Senator, Chair of Club of the Association of Independent Candidates (Club of SNK), Parliament of the Czech Republic, Czech Republic
Anna Matoušková, Artist, Czech Republic
Roman Panáček, Czech Republic
Dr. Marek Belza, Editor, Publisher, Czech Republic
Jan Zajíc, Czech Republic
Vlasta Hübschmann, Czech Republic
Vlasta Machníková, daughter and nephew of former political prisoners, namely daughter of Václav Machník and nephew of Tolák Vaňha, Czech Republic
Chris Szabó, Writer, Photographer, South Africa
MUDr. Petr Švec, Dentist, Czech Republic
Alena Simčáková, Graphic Artist, Independent for Liberal Reform Party (LiRA), Czech Republic
Marie Janalíková, Vice- Chairperson of Civil Movement “Daughters of the 1950s”, Pensioner, Czech Republic
Katarína Štekláčová, Slovakia
Vasil Kadrinov, Director of Hannah Arendt Center in Sofia, Bulgaria
Maria Dermendzhieva, Programme Director, George C. Marshall Association, Bulgaria
Evgeni Genchev, ACET – Assistance CEnter for Torture survivors in Sofia, Bulgaria
Els de Groen, Member of the European Parliament, Netherlands
Zdeňka Mašínová, Czech Republic
Rudolf Martin, Czech Republic
Drahomír Ševčík, Czech Republic
Zdeňka Giacintová, Czech Republic
Jiří Peštuka, Czech Republic
Zdeňka Nováková, Czech Republic
Michaela Konečná, Czech Republic
Petko Kovatchev, Executive Director, Green Policy Institute, Sofia, Bulgaria
Velizar Mateev Shalamanov, Chairman “George C. Marshall” Association, Bulgaria
Dr. Ognyan Minchev, Executive Director, Institute for Regional and International Studies, IRIS, Sofia, Bulgaria
Radim Jiří Štěchovský, advisor, Hradec Králové, Czech Republic
Georgi Hristov Hristov, NGO “Spravedlivost”, Sofia, Bulgaria
Nikolay Boltadjiev, Bulgaria
Girts Valdis Kristovskis, Member of European Parliament, Lithuania
György Schöpflin, Member of European Parliament, Hungary
Grajdanska Iniciativa Spravedlivost, GIS (Civil Association Justice), Bulgaria
Valentina Sharlanova, Sofia, Bulgaria
Alexandar Brazitsov, Sofia, Bulgaria
Lubomir Dimov, IT Consultant, Bulgaria
Assoc. prof. Vera Mihailova, PhD, Radiochemist, Pensioner, Bulgaria
N. Kaltchev, Sofia, Bulgaria
Ms. Gisela Kallenbach, Member of the European Parliament, Germany
Dimka Dimitrova Buda, Bulgaria
Prof.Georgy Fotev, Institute of Sociology, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia, Bulgaria
Michail Abadjiev, Bulgaria
Bisser Hantov, Architect, Habitat for Everyone Foundation, Sofia, Bulgaria
Maria Velevi, Sofia, Bulgaria
Stefan Velevi, Sofia, Bulgaria
Todor Hristov Tsonev, Bulgaria
Michaikina Dimitrova Genina, Bulgaria
Maria Nencheva, Bulgaria
Georgi Petkov Bakalov, Bulgaria
Georgi Aleksandrov Aleksandrov, MSc, Teacher and Interpreter, Bulgaria
Zornitsa Hristova Aleksandrova, BSc, Teacher, Sofia, Bulgaria
prof. Rumen Valchev, Chairholder, UNESCO Chair on Human Rights and Culture of Peace, Bourgas Free University, Bulgaria
Svetozar Kolibarski, Bulgaria
Margarita Asenova Dimitrova, Bulgaria
Ivo Maev, Bulgaria
Maria Dimova Arsenieva, Medical Doctor, Sofia, Bulgaria
Boriana Katzarska, Ph.D., Sofia, Bulgaria
Chudomir Delchev, Bulgaria
Dr. Eugenijus Gentvilas, Member of European Parliament, Lithuania
João Manuel de Oliveira Pires Rodrigues Vacas, Parliamentary Assistant (European Parliament), Portugal
Simeon Stoev, Bulgaria
Stefka Fetvadjieva, Sofia, Bulgaria
Roman Majewski, Burgas, Bulgaria
Mustafa Yunus Mert, Dissident, Antikomunist, Bulgaria
Lubomir Dimitrov Vuchkov, Scientist, Sofia, Bulgaria
Borislav Milov, Bulgaria
Dimitar Dadvidov, Bulgaria
Lazar Konstantinov Madjarov, Engineer, Bulgaria
Petar Veselinov Tonov, Bulgaria
Krassen Stanchev, PhD, Senior Consultant, USAID/KSBD and USID/BEI, Member of Parliament 1990-1991, Bulgaria
Petya Gergova, Bulgaria
Marina Ivanova Ivanova, Corel, Internal Auditor, France
Elena Georgieva, Intern at the European Parliament, Bulgaria
Lubomir Grozdanov, Bulgaria
arch. Teodor Boychev, Sofia, Bulgaria
Valentin Boyanov, Bulgaria
Rossie Kaloyanova, Legal Advisor, Sofia, Bulgaria
Charlotte Ducuing, Politics Student, France
Kalin Manolov, Journalist and Publisher, Bulgaria
Prof. Dr. Plamen S.Tzvetkov, Full Professor in history at the New Bulgarian University, one of the contributors to the second volume of the “Black Book of Communism”, Sofia, Bulgaria
Asen Marinov Petrov, Bulgaria
Tsonyo Botev, Club “Senator”, Bulgaria
Yovko Lambrev, Chairman of the Management Board of Open Projects Foundation, Bulgaria
Lachezar Dimitrov, Bulgaria
Michael Gahler, Member of the European Parliament, Germany
Todor Ivanchev, Democrats for Strong Bulgaria, Bulgaria
Petar Dobrev, Journalist, Bulgaria
Viktorija Mitrova, Journalist, Bulgaria
Boyan Krastev Popov, Design Teacher, Bulgaria
Dr. Sdrafko Tzankoff, Online Political Writer, Germany
Rumen Rashev Naydenov, Bulgaria
Daniela Stoycheva Slavova, Bulgaria
Ieva Zuicena, Senior Researcher, Latvian Language Institute, University of Latvia, Riga, Latvia
Ivaylo Znepolski, Institute for Studies of the Recent Past, Bulgaria
Dimi Panitza, Free and Democratic Bulgaria Foundation, Bulgaria
Lenko Lenkov, Free and Democratic Bulgaria Foundation, Bulgaria
Valentina Georgieva, Institute for Studies of the Recent Past, Bulgaria
Dimiter Dimov, Institute for Studies of the Recent Past, Bulgaria
Velislav Velichkov, Chairman of Political Club “New Right Wing”, Bulgaria
Vassil Stanilov, Chief Editor, “Pro and Anti” Weekly, Bulgaria
Stoian Haralambiev Stoianov, Bulgaria
Sasha Vsevolodova Krastarska, Bulgaria
Andriyan Georgiev, Bulgaria
Zuzana Roithová, Member of European Parliament, Czech Republic
Roumen Lubomirov Popstoyanov, Bulgariational Remembrance, Poland
Michael Kißener, professor of history, Johann Gutenberg University, Mainz, Germany
Eduard Stehlík, historian, Vice-director, Institute for Military History, Czech Republic
Karel Straka, historian, Institute for Military History, Czech Republic
Jan Urban, journalist, Czech Republic
Jaroslav Hutka, former dissident, songwriter, Czech Republic
Lukáš Pachta, political scientist and writer, Czech Republic


Selected and other signatories:

Neela Winkelmann-Heyrovská, Environmentalist, Czech Republic
Ing. Vladimír Klaban, Research Worker, Czech Republic
Rut Kolínská, Woman of Europe 2003 and Socially Beneficial Entrepreneur 2006, Czech Republic
Vladimír Bystrov, Publicist and Former Chairman-founder of the Committee “They were the first”, Czech Republic
Marian Páleník, Director of a Generally Beneficial Company, Czech Republic
Jan Zeno Dus, Pensioner, Czech Republic
Jan Šinágl, Engaged Citizen, Independent Publicist, Czech Republic
Zuzana Hahn, Designer of the Monument and Organizer of the Project Living Tribute to the Victims of Communism, Canada
Vlastimil Obereigner, Czech Society of Oregon, United States
Karel Mrzílek, Teacher, Czech Republic
Mojmír Kovář, Forum of Engaged Christians of the Czech and Slovak Republic, Slovakia
PhDr. Jiří Fiala, Historian, Czech Republic
Petr Hejl, Mayor of City District Praha-Suchdol, Czech Republic
Jiří Vaněk, Society of Well-mannered Compatriots in Sydney, Australia
Jiří Wolf, Writer, Former Political Prisoner, Czech Republic
Bohumil Vorlíček, Editor of the Ústecký deník, Czech Republic
Marie Vorlíčková, Municipal Police Officer, Czech Republic
Eva Vláhová, Pensioner, Chairperson of Civil Movement “Daughters of the 1950s”, Czech Republic
Bedřich Hányš, Author, Film Director, Actor and Theatre Entrepreneur, Exile of the First Wave in 1968, Germany
Zdeněk Slabý, Lawyer, Czech Republic
Jan Sammer, Secretary of the Czech Coordination Office, Canada
Czech Coordination Office, 450 members and 34 Czech Societies in the world, Canada
Ing. Ferdinand Němec, Czech Republic
Ing. Edvard Outrata, Chairperson of European Movement in the Czech Republic, Czech Republic
František Adamík, Czech Republic
Pavel Paleček, Historian, Producer, Czech Republic
Michal Mlej, Sole Trader, Town Councilor, Czech Republic
Hana Gáborová, Regional Chairperson Union of Civil Self-defense in Liberec, Czech Republic
Jana Ryšlinková, Dean, US Business School Prague, Czech Republic
Ing. Zuzana Vittvarová, Editor of www.dcery.cz, Member of Council of the Association “Daughters of the 1950s”, Czech Republic
Josef Pepa Nos, Artist, Czech Republic
Ing. Jiří Štefek, Spokesperson of K213, Czech Republic
Vladimír Brok, Entrepreneur, Czech Republic
Jan Korbelik, Austria
Oldřich Černý, Forum 2000, Czech Republic
Miloš Miltner, Switzerland
Dr. Rudolf Krejci, Professor of Philosophy and Humanities, Former Dean of Arts and Literature, recently Pensioner, United States
Věra Fusek Peters, Daughter of Eduard Fusek, Former Anti-communist Representative, Shakespeare’s Actress in Great Britain and USA, United States
Marek Fiala, Sole Trader, Czech Republic
Jiří Karel, Museum Worker, Czech Republic
Jan Kočí, Czech Republic
Jaroslav Suchánek, překladatel, Czech Republic
Martin Horsky, United States
Václav Marhoul, Czech Republic
Roman Karel, Graphic Artist, Czech Republic
Pavel Kocur, Czech Republic
Otakar Štorch, Poet and Chair of the Association of Free Czechs and Slovaks in Stockholm, Sweden
Ivona Ivicová, Teacher, Czech Republic
Martin Vadas, Documentarist and Director, Czech Republic
Ing. Josef Novotný, Senator, Chair of Club of the Association of Independent Candidates (Club of SNK), Parliament of the Czech Republic, Czech Republic
Anna Matoušková, Artist, Czech Republic
Roman Panáček, Czech Republic
Dr. Marek Belza, Editor, Publisher, Czech Republic
Jan Zajíc, Czech Republic
Vlasta Hübschmann, Czech Republic
Vlasta Machníková, daughter and nephew of former political prisoners, namely daughter of Václav Machník and nephew of Tolák Vaňha, Czech Republic
Chris Szabó, Writer, Photographer, South Africa
MUDr. Petr Švec, Dentist, Czech Republic
Alena Simčáková, Graphic Artist, Independent for Liberal Reform Party (LiRA), Czech Republic
Marie Janalíková, Vice- Chairperson of Civil Movement “Daughters of the 1950s”, Pensioner, Czech Republic
Katarína Štekláčová, Slovakia
Vasil Kadrinov, Director of Hannah Arendt Center in Sofia, Bulgaria
Maria Dermendzhieva, Programme Director, George C. Marshall Association, Bulgaria
Evgeni Genchev, ACET – Assistance CEnter for Torture survivors in Sofia, Bulgaria
Els de Groen, Member of the European Parliament, Netherlands
Zdeňka Mašínová, Czech Republic
Rudolf Martin, Czech Republic
Drahomír Ševčík, Czech Republic
Zdeňka Giacintová, Czech Republic
Jiří Peštuka, Czech Republic
Zdeňka Nováková, Czech Republic
Michaela Konečná, Czech Republic
Petko Kovatchev, Executive Director, Green Policy Institute, Sofia, Bulgaria
Velizar Mateev Shalamanov, Chairman “George C. Marshall” Association, Bulgaria
Dr. Ognyan Minchev, Executive Director, Institute for Regional and International Studies, IRIS, Sofia, Bulgaria
Radim Jiří Štěchovský, advisor, Hradec Králové, Czech Republic
Georgi Hristov Hristov, NGO “Spravedlivost”, Sofia, Bulgaria
Nikolay Boltadjiev, Bulgaria
Girts Valdis Kristovskis, Member of European Parliament, Lithuania
György Schöpflin, Member of European Parliament, Hungary
Grajdanska Iniciativa Spravedlivost, GIS (Civil Association Justice), Bulgaria
Valentina Sharlanova, Sofia, Bulgaria
Alexandar Brazitsov, Sofia, Bulgaria
Lubomir Dimov, IT Consultant, Bulgaria
Assoc. prof. Vera Mihailova, PhD, Radiochemist, Pensioner, Bulgaria
N. Kaltchev, Sofia, Bulgaria
Ms. Gisela Kallenbach, Member of the European Parliament, Germany
Dimka Dimitrova Buda, Bulgaria
Prof.Georgy Fotev, Institute of Sociology, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia, Bulgaria
Michail Abadjiev, Bulgaria
Bisser Hantov, Architect, Habitat for Everyone Foundation, Sofia, Bulgaria
Maria Velevi, Sofia, Bulgaria
Stefan Velevi, Sofia, Bulgaria
Todor Hristov Tsonev, Bulgaria
Michaikina Dimitrova Genina, Bulgaria
Maria Nencheva, Bulgaria
Georgi Petkov Bakalov, Bulgaria
Georgi Aleksandrov Aleksandrov, MSc, Teacher and Interpreter, Bulgaria
Zornitsa Hristova Aleksandrova, BSc, Teacher, Sofia, Bulgaria
prof. Rumen Valchev, Chairholder, UNESCO Chair on Human Rights and Culture of Peace, Bourgas Free University, Bulgaria
Svetozar Kolibarski, Bulgaria
Margarita Asenova Dimitrova, Bulgaria
Ivo Maev, Bulgaria
Maria Dimova Arsenieva, Medical Doctor, Sofia, Bulgaria
Boriana Katzarska, Ph.D., Sofia, Bulgaria
Chudomir Delchev, Bulgaria
Dr. Eugenijus Gentvilas, Member of European Parliament, Lithuania
João Manuel de Oliveira Pires Rodrigues Vacas, Parliamentary Assistant (European Parliament), Portugal
Simeon Stoev, Bulgaria
Stefka Fetvadjieva, Sofia, Bulgaria
Roman Majewski, Burgas, Bulgaria
Mustafa Yunus Mert, Dissident, Antikomunist, Bulgaria
Lubomir Dimitrov Vuchkov, Scientist, Sofia, Bulgaria
Borislav Milov, Bulgaria
Dimitar Dadvidov, Bulgaria
Lazar Konstantinov Madjarov, Engineer, Bulgaria
Petar Veselinov Tonov, Bulgaria
Krassen Stanchev, PhD, Senior Consultant, USAID/KSBD and USID/BEI, Member of Parliament 1990-1991, Bulgaria
Petya Gergova, Bulgaria
Marina Ivanova Ivanova, Corel, Internal Auditor, France
Elena Georgieva, Intern at the European Parliament, Bulgaria
Lubomir Grozdanov, Bulgaria
arch. Teodor Boychev, Sofia, Bulgaria
Valentin Boyanov, Bulgaria
Rossie Kaloyanova, Legal Advisor, Sofia, Bulgaria
Charlotte Ducuing, Politics Student, France
Kalin Manolov, Journalist and Publisher, Bulgaria
Prof. Dr. Plamen S.Tzvetkov, Full Professor in history at the New Bulgarian University, one of the contributors to the second volume of the “Black Book of Communism”, Sofia, Bulgaria
Asen Marinov Petrov, Bulgaria
Tsonyo Botev, Club “Senator”, Bulgaria
Yovko Lambrev, Chairman of the Management Board of Open Projects Foundation, Bulgaria
Lachezar Dimitrov, Bulgaria
Michael Gahler, Member of the European Parliament, Germany
Todor Ivanchev, Democrats for Strong Bulgaria, Bulgaria
Petar Dobrev, Journalist, Bulgaria
Viktorija Mitrova, Journalist, Bulgaria
Boyan Krastev Popov, Design Teacher, Bulgaria
Dr. Sdrafko Tzankoff, Online Political Writer, Germany
Rumen Rashev Naydenov, Bulgaria
Daniela Stoycheva Slavova, Bulgaria
Ieva Zuicena, Senior Researcher, Latvian Language Institute, University of Latvia, Riga, Latvia
Ivaylo Znepolski, Institute for Studies of the Recent Past, Bulgaria
Dimi Panitza, Free and Democratic Bulgaria Foundation, Bulgaria
Lenko Lenkov, Free and Democratic Bulgaria Foundation, Bulgaria
Valentina Georgieva, Institute for Studies of the Recent Past, Bulgaria
Dimiter Dimov, Institute for Studies of the Recent Past, Bulgaria
Velislav Velichkov, Chairman of Political Club “New Right Wing”, Bulgaria
Vassil Stanilov, Chief Editor, “Pro and Anti” Weekly, Bulgaria
Stoian Haralambiev Stoianov, Bulgaria
Sasha Vsevolodova Krastarska, Bulgaria
Andriyan Georgiev, Bulgaria
Zuzana Roithová, Member of European Parliament, Czech Republic
Roumen Lubomirov Popstoyanov, Bulgaria